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Overview of the development of the domestic hardware industry

Hits:Updated:2018-08-14 10:08:36【Print】

The rapidly growing Chinese hardware industry has become more and more important in the international arena. China is achieving a leap from a hardware power to a hardware powerhouse with unlimited vitality and vitality. From "small hardware" to "big industry", China is becoming a global Hardware manufacturing center, hardware industry is a traditional and emerging and modern industry. Hardware products are widely used. In the past, people called it hardware, such as nails, scissors, wrenches, and knives. These small hardware products have now developed into a large industry with world influence.
 
According to the data, since the reform and opening up in China, especially in the past 10 years, the hardware industry and enterprises have greatly shortened the world in terms of scale, management, efficiency, product variety, quality, grade, production equipment, technical means and methods. The distance is even higher than the international level in some respects. In 2005, the total import and export of China's hardware products reached US$38.957 billion, a year-on-year increase of 23.63%. Among them, the total export value was 30.512 billion US dollars, an increase of 26.44%. China's hardware industry is growing at an annual rate of 20%, with an annual output value of 400 billion yuan, higher than the home appliance industry. China's entire light industry exports account for about 25% of the country's total exports, and the hardware industry's exports are ranked in the top three of light industry. China's hardware products are almost everywhere in the world, and China is becoming a veritable hardware industry.
 
China's hardware products have surged from 40 products and less than 500 varieties in the early 1980s to more than 10,000 varieties. The product categories have also increased from the traditional three categories of daily hardware, construction hardware and tool hardware. It includes 10 categories of products including shower room, gas appliances, cooking fumes, kitchen equipment and cooking utensils.
 
In the coastal areas of Zhejiang, Guangdong, Jiangsu, Shanghai, Shandong and other places, many characteristic economic and industrial bases have been formed. The hardware industry has become a local pillar industry or a key development industry, and has an important position in the national hardware industry.
 
The advantages of economic facilities, industrial development maturity and labor cost have made China increasingly the center of global hardware manufacturing: the export growth rate of major hardware products is higher than the growth rate of production, higher than the growth rate of domestic market sales; Traditional export-oriented products such as tools, hand tools, and construction hardware products have seen a high increase. -- Driven by industry leaders, China's hardware industry has moved from "Made in China" to "Created in China."
 
China's hardware industry has moved from "small hardware" to modern hardware, facing the inner world including tool hardware, construction hardware, lock security, kitchen and bathroom products, daily hardware, etc., with an annual international trade volume of US$100 billion. . Since 1996, China has established 14 technology development centers such as zippers, electric shavers, stainless steel utensils, iron pots, blades and bicycle locks, and 16 product centers such as pressure cookers, electric shavers and lighters. These centers have successively developed bio-fingerprint locks, explosive composite stainless steel kitchen knives, scissors, fire zippers, remote-controlled electric pressure cookers, etc. to fill the domestic blank products, greatly enhancing the competitiveness of enterprises.
 
The ownership of independent intellectual property rights in the hardware industry continues to expand, and technological innovation products continue to increase. Only a few companies have independent innovation products, each with at least a few, and some even reach more than 10.
 
Gas water heaters, gas stoves, cooking utensils, faucets, range hoods, razors and other industrial products have been included in the "China Famous Brand" evaluation catalogue, and the hardware industry has produced nearly 50 "Chinese famous brands". These Chinese famous brand enterprises and products have become the "leading geese" in the hardware industry. The China Hardware Products Association cooperates closely with the local government to actively cultivate and build industrial clusters with professional subdivisions and close industrial chains, and has cultivated 23 national-level hardware production and export bases throughout the country. Professional segmentation and industrial cluster development, a new feature presented by the Chinese hardware industry, has produced an accumulation effect. -- The hardware industry is promising, and the industrial structure still needs adjustment.
 
The tremendous changes that hardware products bring to people's lives are reflected in all aspects of people's lives. Taking a small lock as an example, it is enough to illustrate the great changes in the industry. In the past, the lock family was only a general household lock and bicycle lock. However, with the development of motorcycles, automobile industry and high-end residences, some enterprises have developed various types of motorcycle locks, car locks and anti-theft security locks suitable for modern vehicles. . Not only has the variety of locks increased, but traditional products have also shown high-tech charm, and electronic locks, fingerprint locks, etc. have been proven. Traditional tool hardware has also quietly changed. The garden tools began to extend in depth, and the scissors for trimming the branches were no longer simple, but were gradually replaced by newly developed manual, electric tools, mowers, etc. suitable for home and community construction.
 
Despite the leap-forward development of China's hardware industry, there has been no small progress, but after all, the industrial base is thin, and there are many gaps compared with foreign advanced enterprises. In the high-end technology, independent intellectual property rights, brand awareness, corporate modern management, logistics and other aspects, it needs to be strengthened and upgraded. Many of the Chinese companies' products are also OEM products for foreign companies. At the same time, many domestic enterprises still stay in the low-price competition in the low-end market.
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